Horse Terms Glossary of Fencing Terms VideoMares, Geldings, or Stallions? Unfavorable weather conditions or other unpredictable conditions are reserved. Your leaflet establish your checklist. Bus transfers with guide during farm visits. Horse Industry Profiles. Lead leg : In Free Coin or lope, the horse is on the right or left lead as indicated by the inside or leading foreleg; also the third beat in the stride. Sound This is the term to describe a healthy horse. Good school horses make wonderful first mounts, but they are rarely for sale. As compared to a Paint or Pinto, Appaloosas have small spots or flecks of white. International Travel. Light Horse Terms As opposed to heavy horses draft horseslight horses are the average riding horse and St Eugene Casino Cranbrook many different breeds. FuГџ In Der TГјr Bone More properly called Phalanx, the coffin bone is an interior bone to the hoof. Are There Any Casino Apps That Pay Real Money and Strength. Retrieved Apr 30,
Horse Terms - ProductfinderToggle navigation.
Horse Deworming. Senior Horse Care. Seasonal Care. Hoof Care. Hoof Problems. Horse Industry Controversies. Beginner Rider.
Collegiate Riding. English Horse Training. General Training. Other Horse Sports. Rider Fitness. Western Horse Training.
Speed Events. Cattle Events. Trail Riding. Horse Trail Regions. Noseband The noseband is that part of a bridle that fits around the horse's face and buckles under the jaw bars which encourages the horse from opening his mouth.
Novice A person who is new to showing. Formally, Novice classes in horse shows are for those who have won less than a certain number of ribbons.
Off Side The right side of the horse is called the "off" side, while the left side is the "near" side. On The Bit Used to describe a horse who is accepting the bit in his mouth and is responsive to it.
He is not "behind" the bit trying to avoid contact by bringing his mouth in closer to his chest. Often his head profile will be nearly vertical.
Open Class Refers to a horse show class in which everyone is eligible to compete, at any age, any gender, any level of competence. Over Reaching Used to describe a horse whose hind hoof strikes the sole of the front hoof.
This can cause bruising and is a result of conformational default. Oxer Two jumps that are placed close to each other designed to be jumped in one leap.
Pace A lateral gain in which the two right legs front and rear move forward and backward together and then the two left legs front and rear move together.
This is a natural gait for some breeds of horse and they are referred to as Pacers. Pad This could refer to a saddle pad used between the horse's back and the saddle; or, a leather pad placed between the hoof and the shoe designed to protect the sole.
Paddock A small area of fenced land, often used for turn out time for horses that are kept in stalls. Palomino Another color breed of horse who is a light yellow, tan or golden hair color with a light flaxen or even white mane and tail.
Parrot Mouth A very undesirable, inherited trait when a horse's lower jaw is shorter than the upper one. Paso Fino A breed of horse that originated in Spain and known for its smooth gait.
Passage A dressage movement in which the horse performs an exaggerated, collected, rhythmic trot. Pastern The part of the horse's leg located below the fetlock joint and directly above the hoof line.
Pedigree The ancestry of a horse illustrated on a form which includes their ancestors' names, registration numbers, dates born, color and sometimes show or race records.
Pelham A type of English bit that is a combination of a snaffle and a curb but is only one mouthpiece. It may have one or two reins.
Most often used with hunters. Phalanx The last three bones on the horse's leg which include the first phalanx long pastern , the second phalanx short pastern and the third phalanx coffin bone.
Pig Eyed A horse with an unusually small, inset eye. Not considered an attractive trait. Pigeon Toed A conformational default in which the front hooves point inward toward each other.
Pinned ears When a horse is trying to threaten another, he will "pin" his ears back and they will lay almost flat against the top of his neck.
Pointing A horse who has a sore foot will often rest his foot forward, avoiding putting weight on the foot and this is called pointing. Points The points of a horse include his mane, tail and lower legs.
They are often a different color than his body. Pole Bending A competition in which the horse and rider run down the center of the arena, turn around, and weave in between six equally spaced poles down and back and then race to the out gate.
It is a timed event with the goal being not to knock over poles. Port The raised middle area of a curb bit that relieves the horse's tongue.
Some ports, however, can be severe if the raised area is so high that it can reach the top of the inside of his mouth. Posting A rider posts to a trot by sitting and rising in the saddle in rhythm with the two beat gate.
Pull Sometimes a horse's mane is, literally, "pulled" to thin the hair. This is most commonly done with show horses whose manes are braided for competition.
Purebred A horse that through generations of unmixed breeding, has and will produce the preferred physical characteristics of the breed.
Breed registrations keep records to prove this purity. Put down To euthanize a horse who is very sick or injured in such a way that no recovery is expected.
Also said to "put to sleep". Quarter crack A crack in a horse's hoof that runs from the coronet band where the leg hair meets the hoof wall down toward the ground.
A good farrier will need to attend to this. Quarter Horse A breed of horse that was started here in America, bred to do ranch work.
They get their name from the quarter-mile race because they are sprinters, fastest in short distances than other breeds.
Quick If a horse is "quicked", his hoof has been accidentally cut too short or a shoe nail is driven into the sensitive part of the hoof.
He may be lame until it grows out, much like our fingernail beds feel when our fingernail is broken off too low.
Quick Release Knot The best way to tie your horse so that if he gets in trouble, you can pull the end and release him from what he's tied to.
See our video on how to do this. Rain Rot Horses that stay outside in the weather often get "rain rot" when the hair falls out on his back area.
It is a skin condition resulting from the combination of wet hair and lack of proper grooming. Running Martingale A piece of tack used to aid in control of your horse.
It prevents the horse from getting his head too high, avoiding the bit and becoming out of control. See our video on this. Quarter crack: An injury to the hoof of a horse.
Quarter pole: Post on the infield rail that indicates two furlongs to the finish line. Rank: A horse that refuses to be rated early on in the race.
Route: Generally a race that is run around two turns. School: To train a horse, generally in the starting gate or the paddock.
Scratch: To withdraw a horse from a race. Shipper: A horse that has traveled from one track to another to run in a race. Shut out: When a player fails to make his bet at the window prior to the gate opening.
Sloppy track: A track that is wet, covered with puddles, but not yet "muddy". Spit the bit: When a tired horse stops running hard. Sprint: A short race, seven furlongs or less.
Tag: Claiming price. A horse entered for a "tag" is entered in a claiming race. Track Take: Money deducted from each pool for track revenue and taxes.
Trifecta: A wager in which the player selects the first three horses in a race in order. Turf course: A grass covered course.
Washed out: A nervous horse that is sweating. Proud cut - A gelding that has been castrated late, has prior breeding use, has a bit of testicular cord remaining after castration or has one un-descended testicle left behind.
Founder - A food related foot condition that can cause permanent lameness. Bridle - The head piece used to control the horse while riding; a head stall, bit and reins.
Rein - The leather line from the rider's hands and the horse's mouth; used to guide the horse. Halter - A head piece used to control a horse while not riding, the equivalent of a dog's collar.
Prospect - A horse with potential to do well for a specific sport. Finished - A horse that has been trained sufficiently for riding or to use in a particular way.
Lead - Refers to the leading leg of a horse when running or turning. Behind the bit When a horse places his head down to evade contact with the bit.
Bomb-proof A horse that doesn't spook. Breeding stock A mare or stallion that meets the eligibility requirements to be registered as a distinct breed.
Breeder A person who breeds purebred horses for a living, or maybe as a hobby. Bridle The entire headpiece, the headstall, bit, chin strap, and reins, is called the bridle.
Broodmare A female horse that is used strictly for breeding. Buck When a horse jumps upward and arches his back.
This is the same as a lope or slow gallop in Western discipline riding. Colt A male horse under 4 years old that has not been castrated.
Conditioned response When a horse is trained to a stimulus the same way every time the animal confronts that stimulus. On the bit : When the horse has rounded his back, has accepted your weight, has engaged his hindquarters, has accepted the contact in the mouth and has arched his neck.
He has given himself up to the riders aids. A nearly vertical line can be drawn down the front of the horses face. On the forehand : The horse is carrying itself and the rider with its balance and weight over the two front legs.
Parasite : A small organism that lives on or in and at the expense of a larger organism called the host. Parrot mouth : Opposite of monkey mouth, the upper jaw overhangs the lower jaw, the incisors do not properly meet and cause uneven wear and growth.
Passage : A movement in trot with an extended moment of suspension. Piaffe : A movement in trot alternate diagonals.
A proud and rhythmic movement performed nearly on the spot. Purebred : Bred from members of a recognized breed without mixture of blood from other breeds.
Rein chains : Light weight chains attached from the bit to the rein. Used to counter balance the weight of the spade bit.
They regulate impulsion: slowing, stopping or backing the horse. The reins, acting through the mouth and the neck, are also used to change direction of travel or to turn the horse right or left.
Relative Straightness : In dressage terms this means a horse is going straight when the inside hind leg follows the track of the inside foreleg.
Renvers : Work on three tracks. The outside hind leg creates one track. The outside foreleg and inside hind leg diagonal pair create the second track and the inside foreleg creates the third track.
The horse must have length bend in the direction of movement. Romal : A braided rawhide terminating in a single or double tapered strap, usually between 3 and 4 feet long, and attached to the end of closed, braided rawhide reins.
Saddlebred : Breed originated in the United States. Developed as an easy-riding, general purpose horse historically for plantation use. Used today as a show horse.
Can be three- or five-gaited. Seat and hands : A term that refers to the ability of a rider to sit in the saddle with grace and control the mount.
Self carriage : When the horse is able to carry itself in balance through the various school movements without any support from the rein. Short-coupled : Describes a horse having a short distance not more than four-fingers width between the last rib and the point of the hip.
Shoulder-in : Work on three tracks. Skewbald : Coat color other than black, such as bay, brown or chestnut, combined with white of the Pinto horse.
Slobber chains : Light weight chains attached between the shanks of a curb bit. Smooth mouth : Refers to the smooth, biting surface of the upper and lower teeth after the cups have disappeared at 12 years of age.
Sound : A term that means the horse is physically fit and shows no signs of weakness or illness which interfere with its usefulness.
Subscribe to Equisearch. Subscribe Now. Free Newsletter. Glossary of Equine Terms - I By Equisearch. Glossary of Equine Terms - J By Equisearch.
Glossary of Equine Terms - K By Equisearch. Glossary of Equine Terms - L By Equisearch. Glossary of Equine Terms - M By Equisearch.
Glossary of Equine Terms - N By Equisearch. Glossary of Equine Terms - O By Equisearch. Glossary of Equine Terms - P By Equisearch.